Home > Exhibition of Patriotic Education

 
   The displays of  archival materials illustrate  the historical stages of the Republican period, involving major historical events and figures. They represent the face of China’s society and historical changes. The archival documents and photographs show visitors the turbulent years of the Republican period. Our aim is to make visitors know the difficuties of the Chinese Democratic Revolution, and better understand and treasure today’s  hard-earned prosperity.

  

  This display is divided into four parts:

  

  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen and the Nanjing Provisional Government and the Southern Revolutionary Governments. In this part, archival materials show that the revolutionaries, led by Dr Sun Yat-sen,  brought an end to the 2000 years offeudal rule of the Qing dynasty, and established a Republic. Among them are a few documents written or signed by Dr Sun Yat-sen himself, as well as the policies, rules and regulations issued by the Nanjing Provisional Government. In 1917, Dr Sun Yat-sen established the Military Government to Protect the Constitutions in Guangzhou and fought against the Beiyang warlords.  

 

 

  

   

  

  

   

  

 2. The Beijing National Government’s(Warlords) Rise and Fall

  Provisional President Sun Yat-sen had to offer the presidency of the Republic of China to Yuan Shih-kai in Beijing, but Yuan even restored the autocratic monarchy in 1916. Beijing was controlled by warlords. After Yuan Shih-kai, Li Yuanhong, Duan Qirui, Xu Shichang, Feng Guozhang and Cao Kun claimed the presidency of Beijing National Government. With Zhang Zuolin’s withdrawal from Beijing in June 1928 ended the Beijing National Government.Archival materials illustrate the history of the Beijing government. There are also some archival materials concerning the fighting against the warlords such as the May Fourth Movement in Beijing in 1919.  

  

3. The Nanjing National Government

  Archival material in this part reflect the establishment of the National Government of the KMT in Nanjing in April 1927, the Northeastern Provinces’ (Zhang Xueliang) proclamation of adherence to the Nanjing Nationalist Government, the September 18th Incident, the July 7th Incident, the Anti-Japanese United Front, the All China

  Anti-Japanese Movement, the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, the Communists-Nationalists Civil War, and other major events. 



4. Special Exhibits

  The greatest part of the holdings of the SHAC is made up of official documents. In addition there are photos, flags, various identification documents, postal stamps, currencies, pawn tickets, trade marks, medals, seals, paintings and calligraphy of famous figures.